Important Things to Know Before you Open an FD


What are you thinking about the most preferred investment in the country – Fixed Deposits. It is the perfect investment for the working class – who are risk averse. We fear keeping our money in a dual locked safe, and how could one possibly invest without a guarantee, right? We like guarantees more than we could ever like warranties or possibilities. While they are risk-free, they are also known to be one of the simplest investments. But, just because they are simple, we do not want to just dive into it, do we? Maybe we can think about several other factors. So, let’s go ahead. 

important things to know before open fd

Things to Consider Before Investing in an FD

1. The Time Horizon

Before you invest in a Fixed Deposit, think about how long you want to keep your money. The length might range from 7 days to 10 years. It is critical that you carefully consider the deposit’s tenure, as there is a penalty for early withdrawal, which reduces the overall income generated on your account.

If you anticipate a need for cash in the near future, you make the deposit appropriately; for example, if you believe you will need money in two years, you establish a two-year FD rather than a five-year FD. Because if you have a 5 year FD and then break it after 2 years, you would lose money owing to the early withdrawal penalty.

If you are unsure about your financial needs, it is best to invest in various FDs with varying maturities. So that one matures after about a year or two, and the other after a longer period of time, say five years.

As a result, if you require cash at that time, you can use the maturity amount and avoid the early withdrawal penalty. In addition, if you do not require cash you can reinvest the maturity amount. Furthermore, because you will have several FDs, the ones with a longer length will not have to be broken.

2. The Taxes

The interest earned on a fixed deposit is taxed. If the interest generated on a Fixed Deposit exceeds Rs. 10,000 in a fiscal year, the entire amount is taxable and subject to TDS deduction. It indicates that if the interest earned surpasses Rs. 10,000, the bank would remove 10% of the interest earned before crediting the balance.

However, if you do not fall into the tax bracket, that is, if you do not have taxable income, or if your interest income, when combined with your other income, does not exceed the maximum amount not chargeable to tax, you can file Form 15G/H. This form is a declaration that your entire income for the fiscal year is not taxable. When this form is submitted to the bank, it will not deduct TDS on the interest generated when it exceeds Rs. 10,000.

3. The Interest Payout

If you want to make a regular income from the interest on your Fixed Deposit, you should examine the bank’s policy on interest withdrawal. Previously, banks offered quarterly and yearly interest withdrawals. Banks, on the other hand, now provide monthly interest payments.

So, if you desire a consistent income from the interest collected on your Fixed Deposit, you must evaluate the bank’s interest distribution policy.

4. The Senior Citizen Benefits

Fixed Deposit interest rates fluctuate between older persons and non-senior citizens. Senior citizens typically receive higher rates. As a result, if you are a senior citizen or have a family member who is a senior citizen, you may take advantage of the Senior Citizen offer and profit from higher interest rates. It will assist you in earning more interest.

5. The Interest Rates

The RBI establishes standards for the interest rates that banks may provide. Banks have the authority to set interest rates within the permitted limitations. As a result, the interest rate on a fixed deposit varies from bank to bank, but few people realize that it also fluctuates depending on the deposit’s tenure.

For instance, the RBL bank FD rates are 6.25%, but this is the maximum rate for 10-20 years and when you change tenure, this rate also varies. 

6. The Minimum Account Balance

Just like the way your account has a minimum account balance, you have to look into FD accounts. You should also look at the minimum deposit required to start an FD account. Most of the leading banks enable you to create a fixed-term deposit (FD) for as little as Rs 10,000. The minimal amount for opening an FD account for a minor is usually Rs 2,000. You may also use a Fixed Deposit calculator to see how much your FD will earn at the end of the term.

7. The Maturity

The maturity date of your FD may also be seen on the receipt you receive when you start an FD account. If you create an FD account for a specific purpose, such as presenting it to your child on his or her birthday, double-check the maturity date to ensure that the FD matures on time.

8. The Auto-Renewal Facility

Many banks currently provide automatic renewal of FDs. Your principal amount, as well as any earned interest, is re-invested for the term of your choice with the use of this service. If you have chosen this option, it will be noted on your account opening receipt.

9. The Nomination Facility

When you open an FD account, you will be asked to name a nominee. If you die unexpectedly during your FD term, your nominee will get the FD sum. The account opening receipt also includes information on the chosen nominee.

Once you’ve done your background check on all of this, you are done with the big job. After this, all you have to do is to deposit and begin.


FDs are the safest investments to date. There would be nothing you have to worry about. Just some miniature checks and you are all ready to start investing in a fixed deposit that suits you the most.

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